“A True Story and History of Sabang”


Living in a place where just a few of them know about the true story behind. A place where everyone believed what they’re believing for. A belief where originated from their ancestors. And a story that just passes through times without knowing what is truly left behind from it. To get accurate and factual answers about the confusable yet peace story and history of Sabang, I and my comrades interviewed the two residents of Sabang namely; Mrs. Virginia Delo Santos and Mrs. Wilfreda Sablan. These two residents have both different and similar answers that we gathered from them.



According to them, a word Sabang was originally from the word “Suba” which means river. Because of the bridge across in the river, Sabang was named after. That is why their ancestors used up that name before that remained until now. But according to Wilfreda Sablan, she said that there’s no distinct and proper name of Sabang in the whole barangay of Bato, Leyte. As a secretary of Tinago Bato, Leyte and the whole barangays of Bato, Leyte, she was certain enough that there was no proper registration of a barangay named Sabang. For her, it was just known for all the people of a whole barangay of Bato, Leyte because of the belief of their ancestors that they obey until now.

For the old days before, there were just a few residents there. And this place was still full of a coconut tree and “kabugangan”. Since almost people before were uneducated, their livelihood was just coming up from what they’re capable of such as fishing for the man, and fish processors, ugpak waving, and selling tuba for the woman. Unlike nowadays, some residents are migrating to urban places to find more income sources for their livelihood.



As Mrs. Sablan holds her position as a secretary, she confidently and formally explained to us that a Sabang barangay was don’t exist, and the place where Sabang was stand and called was originally called Zone 1 of Bato, Leyte rather than Sabang. Besides, the bridge a crossed the river(where Sabang was called) up to the gate of Bato School Of Fisheries are the Zone 1, Zone 2 along the coastline until the old barangay hall down to Barangay Kalanggaman, and Zone 3 for the part where Rural Bank of Hindang is located. All in all, there is a total of Zone 6 that composed for the Tinago Bato, Leyte. “Tinago is the biggest barangay of all Poblacion”, she added. And id ever we need the history of Tinago, there are available spot map, mission, vision, hazard map and among others for us to undertake.




*Mrs. Virginia Delo Santos – a 36 years resident of Sabang from 1983 up to the present.

*Mrs. Wilfreda Sablan – a 70 years old and a since a birth resident of Sabang.



*Dalie Jane Gelio

*Jenerica Malatag

*Eza Gaviola



*Erwin Pepe

Journal Entry # 2: Media and Information Sources

“Be Veracious, Not Fictitious!”

Information here! Information there! Information is everywhere! But how do we really define information based on our own? Basically, we gathered information everyday in different ways, forms and sources. Either it is a fact or not and either we’re going to believe it or not.

When we are talking about information, we must consider and remember that it is refers to any knowledge that we get about someone or something from the subject.

More information: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4p9uab383Lc


How do we find information that matches our needs?

Let us try to relate ourselves in seeking information in our practical research, what do we observes from it? In research, as a researcher, we do must find an information that matches our needs to complete our research study. And we don’t stop until our inquiries are being answered. But what is the missing word there? Being an accurate researcher produces an accurate information in our research study. Accurate means that the informations we have are free from mistakes or error and produces correct results.

But how we can get an accurate information? Practically, in our generation today, especially in the innovation of high technology, we can’t easily define an information if it is an accurate or not. But there are still BDO people who are determined enough in accurrating information. Remember their motto “we find ways”. People who are intelligent with it always find ways to get an information that they only needs. BDO people are those who knows how to be an accurrative, selective, evaluative, validative, and resourceful in their information needed.

How do we choose from wide variety of information made available by different sources?

Let us continue relating ourselves in doing practical research study, and try to answer the question above. Is it answerable or not?

Since consumers and producers of information are increasing informations are also increasing and are varied in different sources. That is why, wide variety of information are available in different sources.

Knowing how to determine an accurate sources is very important in terms of choosing and providing an accurate information from it varies. Because there are a lots of sources of information but are not evaluative and valid. Just don’t forget that every information we gather, we should check the whole background of it to avoid chaos. Remember “Be veracious, not fictitious!”.

Media Information and Literacy



The term media (singular form: medium) refers to the source of information and communication channels or tools through which we disseminate news, music, movies, education, promotional messages and other data from both old and new media. It includes physical and online newspapers and magazines, television, radio, billboards, telephone, the Internet, fax and billboards.

It describes the various ways through which we communicate in society. Because it refers to all means of communication, everything ranging from a telephone call to the evening news on television can be called media.

When talking about reaching a very large number of people we say mass mediaLocal media refers to, for example, your local newspaper, or local/regional TV/radio channels.

New video to check out: https://marketbusinessnews.com/financial-glossary/media-definition-meaning/


3 Types Of Media


1.Print Media: It consists of paper and ink that reproduced in printing process that is traditionally mechanical. It also includes all types of publications, including newspapers, journals, magazines, books and reports. It is the oldest type, and despite suffering since the emergence of the Internet, is still used by a major proportion of the population.


2.Broadcast Media: It refers to the media that reach target audiences using airwaves as the transmission medium such as radio and television, in which came onto the scene at the beginning and middle of the 20th century respectively. Most people still get their news from TV and radio broadcasts – however, experts predict that it will not be long before online sources take over.



3.New Media: Its content organized and distributed on digital forms such as computers, smartphones, and tablets.



Media plays a significant role in keeping everyone updated about the various events around the world. Today, we can check out the latest news and current affairs with just few clicks of mouse or by simply switching on the radio or television, apart from glancing at the newspaper every morning.

A vast majority of people, all across the world, rely upon various sources of media for keeping themselves updated on various ongoing issues around the world. Media plays an important role for the whole society.

According to Sehba’s blog, 2016, there are five points to remember the significant of media. And these are the following:

1. Gives us immense knowledge & transmits information – Media keeps us informed about various happening around the world. It lets us know what is happening around us and all over the world. With the help of media, we get immense knowledge on various subjects. Media plays a vital role in the dissemination of information. It broadcasts, prints and updates information from time to time so that the general public stays aware of what is going on in the country and in the entire world.

2. Raises our consciousness – Media ignites awareness in us by providing information and knowledge. It does not enforces its own opinion on us, but provides facts, figures and news to us so that we can analyze the information and can understand, what is wrong and what is right?

3. Raises voice against social evils – Media also plays a constructive role for the society by raising social issues. Presently, there are many examples of social evils like dowry, female foeticide, gender discrimination, etc. that have been raised by media. When media presents and unveils such issues, the public becomes aware and the necessary steps are taken for resolving the issues! Media also helps reach the voice of masses to the concerned authorities.

4. Provides true pictures and live telecast for various events – Be it the cricket world cup, FIFA matches, our prime minster or president addressing the nation, the areas affected by flooding or just any other incident, media helps us see the true picture by providing the LIVE or recorded telecast for almost all important events.

5. Educates the society – One of the most important roles of media is to educate the society. We can explore and analyze various product reviews, do price comparison for various items, read news about politics, fashion, war, weather, health and much more with the help of media. Media exposes issues like poverty, illiteracy, social backwardness, etc., and educates people on the same. It also educates people about their rights and duties and helps enforce law as well.



It is refer to the ability to read, analyze, evaluate and produce communication in a variety of media forms.

Media Literacy is the ability to:
  • Decode media messages.
  • Assess the influence of those messages on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
  • Create media thoughtfully and conscientiously.


New video to visit: https://medialiteracynow.org/what-is-media-literacy/




Please click and watch a video below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWJ3vE6-r8c


As we can see, media are evolved and are passing through times in every generation utilizing interacting media on our own and in our own way of understanding. In which people keep searching for new ideas to develop media from old into new forms. Transforming media from old to new media is the way on how we understand the world. The changes of generation and increasing numbers of individuals living on earth make the media more incredible, accessible and very interactive to everyone. Thus, it helps us in making our life more comfortable, easiest and fastest to communicate to individuals. The more media are being transformed and useful, the more it becomes personal and diverse in every user.



This slideshow requires JavaScript.


Please click the link below::

What Is Media Convergence? – Definition & Explanation – Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com

To find more information, just watch the video belowhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HV6rp7RCZw8
















In our time today, we knew that the innovations of Information Communication Technology(ICT) has a big impact to everybody and is very applicable in our daily lives which we receives a big contribution from it.

According to the Google(https://techterms.com/definition/ict), “ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It is similar to Information Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums”. It means that ICT is very powerful technology nowadays because we can easily communicate others, from our acquaintances, friends, families, and even love ones. It also help to communicate or get connection from any businesses or politics from the society and other countries.

Because of this innovation, ICT got a global trends that is very useful in every education. According to the blog of Robert Hawkins(http://blogs.worldbank.org/edutech/10-global-trends-in-ict-and-education), “the 10 Global trends in ICT an Education includes:

  1. Mobile Learning. New advances in hardware and software are making mobile “smart phones” indispensible tools. Just as cell phones have leapfrogged fixed line technology in the telecommunications industry, it is likely that mobile devices with internet access and computing capabilities will soon overtake personal computers as the information appliance of choice in the classroom.
  2. Cloud computing. Applications are increasingly moving off of the stand alone desk top computer and increasingly onto server farms accessible through the Internet. The implications of this trend for education systems are huge; they will make cheaper information appliances available which do not require the processing power or size of the PC. The challenge will be providing the ubiquitous connectivity to access information sitting in the “cloud”.
  3. One-to-One computing.  The trend in classrooms around the world is to provide an information appliance to every learner and create learning environments that assume universal access to the technology. Whether the hardware involved is one laptop per child (OLPC), or – increasingly — a net computer, smart phone, or the re-emergence of the tablet, classrooms should prepare for the universal availability of personal learning devices.
  4. Ubiquitous learning. With the emergence of increasingly robust connectivity infrastructure and cheaper computers, school systems around the world are developing the ability to provide learning opportunities to students “anytime, anywhere”.  This trend requires a rethinking of the traditional 40 minute lesson.  In addition to hardware and Internet access, it requires the availability of virtual mentors or teachers, and/or opportunities for peer to peer and self-paced, deeper learning.
  5. Gaming. A recent survey by the Pew Internet and American Life Project per the Horizon Report found that massively multiplayer and other online game experience is extremely common among young people and that games offer an opportunity for increased social interaction and civic engagement among youth. The phenomenal success of games with a focus on active participation, built in incentives and interaction suggests that current educational methods are not falling short and that educational games could more effectively attract the interest and attention of learners.
  6. Personalized learning. Education systems are increasingly investigating the use of technology to better understand a student’s knowledge base from prior learning and to tailor teaching to both address learning gaps as well as learning styles. This focus transforms a classroom from one that teaches to the middle to one that adjusts content and pedagogy based on individual student needs – both strong and weak.
  7. Redefinition of learning spaces. The ordered classroom of 30 desks in rows of 5 may quickly become a relic of the industrial age as schools around the world are re-thinking the most appropriate learning environments to foster collaborative, cross-disciplinary, students centered learning. Concepts such as greater use of light, colors, circular tables, individual spaces for students and teachers, and smaller open learning spaces for project-based learning are increasingly emphasized.
  8. Teacher-generated open content. OECD school systems are increasingly empowering teachers and networks of teachers to both identify and create the learning resources that they find most effective in the classroom. Many online texts allow teachers to edit, add to, or otherwise customize material for their own purposes, so that their students receive a tailored copy that exactly suits the style and pace of the course. These resources in many cases complement the official textbook and may, in the years to come, supplant the textbook as the primary learning source for students. Such activities often challenge traditional notions of intellectual property and copyright.
  9. Smart portfolio assessment. The collection, management, sorting, and retrieving of data related to learning will help teachers to better understand learning gaps and customize content and pedagogical approaches. Also, assessment is increasingly moving toward frequent formative assessments which lend itself to real-time data and less on high-pressure exams as the mark of excellence.  Tools are increasingly available to students to gather their work together in a kind of online portfolio; whenever they add a tweet, blog post, or photo to any online service, it will appear in their personal portfolio which can be both peer and teacher assessed.
  10. Teacher managers/mentors. The role of the teacher in the classroom is being transformed from that of the font of knowledge to an instructional manager helping to guide students through individualized learning pathways, identifying relevant learning resources, creating collaborative learning opportunities, and providing insight and support both during formal class time and outside of the designated 40 minute instruction period.  This shift is easier said than done and ultimately the success or failure of technology projects in the classroom hinge on the human factor and the willingness of a teacher to step into unchartered territory.

These trends are expected to continue and to challenge many of the delivery models fundamental to formal education as it is practiced in most countries. It will be interesting to reflect back on this list at the end of the year to see which ideas have gained the most traction”.

Although, ICT has disadvantages also, it still not enough reason to stop or remove this kind of innovation because its advantages have a biggest impact to everybody. And each of us can choose the correct behaviors in using this innovations.